Friday, December 14, 2012

Η Κρατική Δούμα ενέκρινε την απάντηση της Ρωσίας στον «νόμο Μαγκνίτσκι»

Η Κρατική Δούμα ενέκρινε σε πρώτη ανάγνωση το νομοσχέδιο «Περί των μέτρων κατά των προσώπων, που εμπλέκονται στην παραβίαση των δικαιωμάτων των πολιτών της Ρωσικής Ομοσπονδίας», το οποίο αποτέλεσε απάντηση στον «νόμο Μαγκνίτσκι», που ψηφίστηκε στις ΗΠΑ.

Το νομοσχέδιο προβλέπει την απαγόρευση εισόδου στην Ρωσική Ομοσπονδία και την κατάσχεση στο έδαφός της όλων των χρηματοοικονομικών και άλλων περιουσιακών στοιχείων των πολιτών των ΗΠΑ, οι οποίοι εμπλέκονται σε σοβαρή παραβίαση των δικαιωμάτων των Ρώσων πολιτών στο εξωτερικό.

Την περασμένη εβδομάδα η Γερουσία των ΗΠΑ ψήφησε το νομοσχέδιο για τις κυρώσεις κατά των Ρώσων που εμπλέκονται σε παραβίαση των ανθρωπίνων δικαιωμάτων και τον θάνατο του δικηγόρου Σεργκέι Μαγνίτσκι στην φυλακή. Το έγγραφο απεστάλλει στον πρόεδρο των ΗΠΑ για υπογραφή.
  • Πλησιάζουν τα ρωσικά αντίποινα προς τις ΗΠΑ για τον νόμο Μαγκνίτσκι

    • [1] Russia to blacklist US human rights abusers

    Russia’s State Duma has approved a bill imposing sanctions against American abusers of human rights of Russian citizens.
    The bill was named the Dima Yakovlev List after a Russian orphan who died in the US. The blacklist came in response to the US Senate’s Magnitsky Act of sanctions against Russians allegedly involved in the death of the Hermitage Group lawyer in a pre-trial detention center.
    The leaders of all Duma parties found the move diplomatically fair.
    The adopted Russian boy, two-year-old Dima Yakovlev, died being left in a car locked by his US father for nine hours on a hot day. A US court found no crime in the man’s actions.
    MP from A Just Russia party Alexander Tarnavsky said the List is to commemorate all Russian children who were adopted by American parents and later died while in their custody.
    "The deaths of Russian kids adopted by US parents are outrageous. Many times, the guilty parents remained underpunished, like in the case of Dima or Ivan Skorobogatov. According to Russia’s children's ombudsman Pavel Astakhov, over 20 children have died in the US but their adoptive parents were only mildly punished."
    So, the new bill will cover those US officials who have abused rights of the Russian citizens, illegally imprisoned them or delivered too harsh court sentences against Russian citizens, said the head of the Duma Committee for Constitutional Legislation, United Russia’s Vladimir Pligin.
    "Those Americans who have violated rights of Russians, were linked to such abuses or haven’t prevented them will be banned from entering Russia and will have their assets in Russian banks frozen."
    The US Senate passed the so-called Magnitsky Billlast week, at the same time cancelling the Jackson-Vanik amendment which restricted normal trade relations between the two countries.
    Russian MPs found the Bill humiliating and in no way related to Magnitsky. Moreover, the blacklist is open, so more names can be added to it.
    The Duma MPs emphasized that Russia is not interested in worsening relations with the US and the law is not targeted against Washington but is meant to protect Russians.
    The Duma MPs plan to pass the bill by the end of the year, then it is to be approved by the Federation Council and signed by the President. The bill can enter into force January 1, 2013



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