Tuesday, June 17, 2014

Aide européenne de 500 millions d'euros à l'Ukraine utilisable pour des achats de gaz

La Commission européenne a annoncé mardi avoir débloqué 500 millions d'euros pour aider l'Ukraine à faire face à ses besoins de financements, notamment pour des achats de gaz à des compagnies européennes.

"Il s'agit d'une assistance budgétaire et il revient aux autorités ukrainiennes de décider comment elles veulent utiliser cet argent", a expliqué Simon O'Connor, porte-parole du commissaire aux affaires économiques Olli Rehn. "Elles peuvent l'utiliser pour faire face à leurs besoins de financements extérieurs, comme des achats de gaz", a-t-il précisé. 



"L'Ukraine pourrait utiliser cet argent pour des achats de gaz à des compagnies de l'Union européenne", a pour sa part confirmé Sabine Berger, porte-parole du Commissaire à l'Energie Gunther Oettinger. Le patron du groupe public ukrainien Naftogaz Andril Kobolev a annoncé lundi être en contact avec des compagnies européennes prêtes à fournir du gaz à l'Ukraine après la décision du groupe russe Gazprom de cesser toute nouvelle livraison.

 "Elles proposent à l'Ukraine du gaz bon marché à 320 dollars" les 1.000 m3, a-t-il précisé. Gazprom impose un prix de vente de 385 dollars. La Commission européenne, qui tente une médiation entre Moscou et Kiev pour éviter aux pays européens une rupture dans les livraisons du gaz russe transitant par le réseau ukrainien, refuse de prendre partie dans ces négociations entre entreprises. 

L'Ukraine est confrontée depuis lundi à une rupture de ses approvisionnements en gaz après la décision de Gazprom de cesser toute nouvelle livraison à l'Ukraine tant que le groupe Naftogaz n'aura pas soldé une dette de 4,5 milliards de dollars pour les impayés des mois de novembre et décembre 2013 et des mois d'avril et mai 2014.
 (Belga) 
http://www.rtl.be/info/monde/europe/1101173/aide-europeenne-de-500-millions-d-euros-a-l-ukraine-utilisable-pour-des-achats-de-gaz
17/6/14
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  • Ukraine: €500 million of EU Macro-Financial Assistance disbursed 
European Commission, Press release, Brussels, 17 June 2014:

The European Commission, on behalf of the EU, today disbursed €500 million to Ukraine, the first loan tranche from the new EU Macro-Financial Assistance (MFA II) programme for the country. This follows a disbursement of €100 million on 20 May from the previously agreed MFA programme (MFA I). The objective of both MFA programmes is to support Ukraine economically and financially in the current critical stage of its development. 

Olli Rehn, European Commission Vice President for Economic and Monetary Affairs and the Euro, said: "The European Union is providing essential support for Ukraine's efforts to address its major economic challenges. Today's disbursement is a further concrete sign of European solidarity towards the people of Ukraine. It is vital that Ukraine seizes this opportunity to take forward reforms to deliver budgetary stability, sustainable growth and job creation."

Total EU MFA support for Ukraine comes to €1.61 billion, with €1.01 billion remaining after today's disbursement. The assistance is part of a wider package of support for Ukraine announced by the European Commission on 5 March and endorsed by EU leaders at the European Council of 6 March.
The EU's MFA complements the resources made available by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and other donors in the context of the stabilisation and reform programme recently launched by the Ukrainian authorities. The assistance aims to reduce the economy’s short-term balance of payments and fiscal vulnerabilities. 

Beyond today's disbursement, subsequent payments will be conditional on the implementation of specific economic policy actions. These are outlined in two Memoranda of Understanding – which were signed by the European Commission and the Ukrainian authorities in 2013 and 2014 respectively. The MFA, besides supporting Ukraine in meeting its immediate external financing needs, also aims to underpin economic reforms which have been demanded by the Ukrainian people themselves. The conditionality linked to this programme focuses on public finance management and anti-corruption, trade and taxation, the energy sector (including provisions for increased social subsidies for the most vulnerable households) and financial sector reforms.

Background
Macro-Financial Assistance is an exceptional EU crisis-response instrument available to the EU's neighbouring partner countries experiencing severe balance of payments problems. It is complementary to the assistance provided by the IMF. MFA loans are financed through EU borrowings on capital markets. The funds are then on-lent with similar financial terms to the beneficiary countries.
The funding for the €500 million tranche disbursed today was raised on the financial markets on 10 June by the European Commission on behalf of the European Union.
http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-14-686_en.htm?locale=en
17/6/14

1 comment:

  1. The European Commission said in a statement on Tuesday that it had disbursed 500 million euros (about 677.87 million U.S. dollars) to Ukraine....

    According to the statement, it was the first loan tranche from the new EU Macro-Financial Assistance (MFA II) program for Ukraine, which follows a disbursement of 100 million euros on May 20 from the previously agreed MFA program (MFA I).

    The objective of both MFA programs is to support Ukraine economically and financially in the current critical stage of its development.

    "The European Union is providing essential support for Ukraine's efforts to address its major economic challenges," said Olli Rehn, the European Commission Vice President for Economic and Monetary Affairs and the Euro................http://www.china.org.cn/world/2014-06/17/content_32693091.htm

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